Standing on top of Marye's Heights it is easy to see why the assault failed despite urban encroachment and trees. The heights dominate an easy slope which denied Union forces much cover. With the main Confederate force entrenched at the base of the heights and artillery and snipers placed on top, I could easily see how Union forces were picked off piecemeal. Famed groups such as the Irish Brigade, an infantry outfit made up of Irish Immigrants and the third most causalitied Union unit in the war, were among the victims of the slaughter.
|Photo take at the edge of the "National Cemetery" (center). Notice how the heights drop off suddenly.|