Mary, Joseph, and the newly born Jesus were in the town of Bethlehem, in the Roman client of the Herodian Kingdom of Israel. The magi were on their way somewhere nearby. King Herod stayed in Jerusalem but he would sometime soon order the massacre of children in the little town of Bethlehem.
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Meanwhile, one of the greatest men in the world (in human terms) spent the day in Rome like nothing happened. Caesar Augustus had no idea this day was the beginning of a slow but radical change which would forever change his empire and the world.