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Ghajar is a village in the Golan Heights, an area conquered and annexed by Israel from Syria after the Six Day War. The village was so close to the Lebanese border that the construction of a few houses caused the village to spread into Lebanese territory.
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The village is populated by ethnic Arabs of the Alawi faith, an offshoot of Shia Islam that believes Muhammad's cousin Ali was an incarnation of God. However, these villagers willing accepted Israeli citizenship. They hoped that joining a stable, pluralistic democratic state would be better than staying in a no-functioning, pluralistic thugocracy (Lebanon) or joining a stable police state (Syria).
Sadly, because of geopolitics they will pay for their belief. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has announced that Israel will withdraw from Ghajar. While this has been a possibility for a while, Israel gave up on any negotiating with Lebanon about the protection of the villagers. Who will take over the village? The closest military power: Hezbollah. Twelever Shia Hezbollah sees these Alawites as political traitors and heretics. Most likely many Ghajaris will flee to Israel out of fear of Hezbollah.
Some are wondering why is Israel doing this. I propose that it is part of an overall trend in Israel to reestablish the idea of the Jewish state. Recently Israel announced plans to immigrants take an oath which states Israel is a Jewish state. Previously, Israel abandoned settlements and occupation of the Gaza Strip because holding would eventually force Israel to absorb over a million Muslim Arabs. While Ghajar might give territory to Israel it would not advance the cause of a Jewish state.
The Lebanese will view a withdrawal as a victory and Israel will view it as one as well. The only ones to lose are the ones who care the most: the two-thousand villagers of Ghajar.