Sunday, July 12, 2009

People's Republic of China versus the Republic of China over the Olympics

The People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) (incorrectly called Taiwan by some) have long been in conflict, both militarily and diplomatically. One of the many battle grounds is membership in international organizations. Since each side claims to be the only China neither the PRC or ROC is usually willing to share the spotlight with the other (though the PRC is willing to through ROC a bone once in a great while).

TDAXP, fresh from the PRC, has been reading up on the PRC/ROC battle over the Olympic Games. He has documented the Olympic fight between the two Chinas over membership and competing privileges. His list, edited version below, documents the formerly strong position of ROC, the rise of the PRC with the One China Policy, and the international non-recognition of ROC.

1936: Berlin Games: ROC participates
1945-1946: Olympics receives Chinese IOC Committee headquartered in Nationalist Shanghai
1946-1949: Olympics receives Chinese IOC Committee headquartered in Nationalist Nanking
1949-1951: Olympics receives Chinese IOC Committee headquartered in Communist Nanking
1952: Oslo Session: No ROC or PRC participation
1952: Helsinki Session: Olympics refer to “Chinese People’s Republic” and “State of Taiwan”
1952: Games: PRC participates
1953: PRC establishes a National Olympic Committee
1954: Olympics recognizes PRC “Olympic Committee of the Chinese Republic”, alongside PRC “Chinese Olympic Committee”
1956: Melbourne Games: PRC boycotts
1957: Olympics renames “Olympic Committee of the Chinese Republic” to to “Olympic Committee of the People’s Democratic Republic of China”
1958: PRC begins boycotting Olympics
1959: Olympics expels ROC “Chinese Olympic Committee”
1960 Rome Games: ROC “Olympic Committee of the Republic of China,” under the banner “Formsa”
1964: Tokyo Games: ROC “Olympic Committee of the Republic of China,” under the banner “ROC”
1968 Olympic Games: ROC “Olympic Committee of the Republic of China,” under the banner “The Team of the Republic of China”
1979: Olympics recognizes ROC “National Olympic Committee of Chinese Taipei” under the banner “Chinese Tapei”and PRC “Chinese Olympic Committee.” ROC sues Olympics
1980: ROC loses court case in Switzerland. Moscow Games: ROC boycotts
1989: ROC “”National Olympic Committee of Chinese Taipei”" and PRC “Chinese Olympic Committee” both agree to translate “Chinese Taipei” as “中华台北,” meaning “(Culturally) Chinese Taipei”

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