Part II in a series based on the Future of NATO and the European Union by Major Michael Doyle.
Background of NATO
The background of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is different from the background of the European Union. The separate history has caused NATO to develop down a path separate from the EU but it will not necessarily give NATO a unique future.
NATO was founded in 1949 by twelve countries, ten in Europe and the
The goal of NATO was the defense of
The Post Cold War era presented new challenges. The
So far NATO has been thriving while the EU is withering on the vine. When the Bosnian crisis broke the European Community did nothing after diplomacy failed. President Clinton on the other hand led NATO in and the Dayton Accords were signed. The same story happened in Kosovo. NATO is also in charge of reconstructing Afghanistan after Coalition forces replaced the Taliban. On the other hand the EU’s attempts to create a political state have been set back years because of the rejection of the European Constitution.
The nature of NATO is one of a military alliance. There have been no seriously plans to expand its mission into the political realm. Therefore people tend to think of it in a separate sphere from the European Union. However, their existences are intertwined and their fates have a possibility of being the same.
Next Time: NATO and the EU's Coming Future